Dexamethasone is a synthetic adrenocortical steroid used to treat inflammatory and autoimmune conditions.
It acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant. It is more potent than hydrocortisone.
Dexamethasone is used to treat conditions such as skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis, arthritis, allergic disorders and breathing related problems.
Dexamethasone is given to cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, to prevent certain side-effects.
Dexamethasone is also used in the treatment of high altitude cerebral edema.